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The Next Ragged University Events...

Live Music In Edinburgh Throughout July: Ragged University has teamed up with Edinburgh Fringe Live to bring you 26 live music acts over the month of July on the Peartree Garden Stage. Come Along, enjoy the sun with some music....

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12th August Edinburgh Ragged University: Come along to the Central Library in the George Washington Browne room, one floor down on the Mezzanine level at 5pm to hear ‘Plebs’: the Ruskin College Strike of 1909 by Colin Waugh - plus - 'Left for the Rising Sun. Right for Swan Hunter. The Plebs League in the North East of England 1908/1926' by Robert Clive Turnbull....

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University of Manchester

University of Manchester Arms

The University of Manchester is a public research university in Manchester, England. It was formed in 2004 by the amalgamation of the Victoria University of Manchester and the University of Manchester Institute of Science and Technology. It is a member of the worldwide Universities Research Association group, the Russell Group of British research universities and the N8 Group. The University of Manchester has been a “red brick university” since 1880 when Victoria University gained its royal charter.

The main site is south of Manchester city centre on Oxford Road in Chorlton-on-Medlock. In 2012, the university had around 39,000 students and 10,400 staff, making it the largest single-site university in the United Kingdom. The University of Manchester had an income of £808.6 million in 2010–11, of which £196.2 million was from research grants and contracts.  In the 2008 Research Assessment Exercise, Manchester came third in terms of research power and eighth for grade point average quality when including specialist institutions.

The university owns the Manchester Museum, Whitworth Art Gallery, John Rylands Library and Jodrell Bank Observatory. The University of Manchester has 25 Nobel Laureates among its past and present students and staff, the third-highest number of any single university in the United Kingdom after Cambridge and Oxford. Four Nobel laureates are currently among its staff – more than any other British university.

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Ethnocentrism and Country of Origin Effects: Introduction by Doreen Soutar


Ethnocentrism and Country of Origin Effects: Introduction and Literature Review by Doreen Soutar


Chapter One: Introduction

This chapter provides a short overview of the subject under investigation, connecting the existing literature to the rationale for the current research project. The aims, objectives, and hypothesis development are discussed, and a short description of the chapter layout of the piece are described.



Being able to predict the future purchasing intentions of consumers is a very important capability to any business, and attempts to understand the processes involved in purchasing decisions in consumers has developed and diversified over the last forty years. With the increase of globalisation, the country-of-origin (COO) effect is a line of enquiry which is highly relevant to businesses wishing to expand their range of operations. Continue reading “Ethnocentrism and Country of Origin Effects: Introduction by Doreen Soutar” »

Oor Mad History by Kirsten Maclean

Kirsten made short talk at the 12th of June event.  She is a social historian and has been working on Oor Mad History a community history project about the history of activism by mental health service users in Lothian.  Service user led and

Oor Mad History project
The book which was published

supported by NHS Lothian, we look at ways of using community history and the arts to strengthen the service user voice and movement today and in the future.

We also aim to challenge assumptions about people who use mental health services.  We interviewed over 70 activists and supporters of the movement and gathered material from Lothian and beyond to create a paper based and oral history archive .

We have written a book about our history and developed a touring exhibition which has featured at the Scottish Mental Health Arts and Film Festival. Recently we have begun a community development project with the School of Disability Studies at Ryerson University Toronto which offer a course in”Mad People’s History”.

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A Short History of the Stockmarket by Alex Dunedin


The stock exchange (aka stockmarket) is “A physical and electronic market in which government bonds and the securities of companies are traded regularly [1]”

In a simplified form, the stock exchange is a type of market place where entrepreneurs meet with investors to try and get finance to start their business.  The entrepreneur gives some of the equity (shares) in the company to the investor who takes on the risk.  The investor is paid dividends for taking on the risk inherent in attempting this business venture.

In this way, the entrepreneur gets the capital to start the business they have in mind, and the investor increases their wealth when a business they have invested in thrives and returns the initial investment plus premiums for the uncertainty of success.

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Permaculture & Sustainability By Graham Bell

Graham Bell The Permaculture Way

Have you ever read the Kama Sutra?  I have and I recommend it.  It is not as most people think a sex manual.  It is a guide to right livelihood (‘Dharma’).  Much as Shakespeare’s seven ages of man:


All the world’s a stage, And all the men and women merely players.

They have their exits and their entrances,

And one man in his time plays many parts,

His acts being seven ages.

At first the infant,

Mewling and puking in the nurse’s arms.

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Education and the State: A Digest by Alex Dunedin

educational theory

By the middle of the nineteenth century, a broad consensus existed among governing and middle classes in Europe and America over the necessity of some form of education for the masses. Disagreements raged over precisely how this education should be administered. In many countries, debates over church involvement retarded the organisation of public education. In others, serious conflicts over the precise nature of educational organization – whether it should be centrally or locally controlled, for instance – had a similar effect.

A vibrant educational press and a rich international educational literature contributed to the generalization and widespread acceptance amongst the dominant classes in various countries of the necessity of popular education.

While the first half of the nineteenth century saw the emergence of a brand consensus over general educational practices and objectives among educational reformers and members of the governing classes in most European and American countries, the translation of this consensus into a set of effective educational practices aimed at local, and especially working class populations was a continually problematic matter.
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